It represents the universal recognition that fundamental rights and freedoms are inherent in all human beings, inalienable and equally applicable to all, and that each of us is born free and equal in dignity and rights. Regardless of our nationality, place of residence, gender, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language or any other status, the international community committed itself on 10 December 1948 to preserving dignity and justice for all of us. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is generally recognized as the basis of international human rights standards. The UDHR, adopted in 1948, has inspired a large number of legally binding international human rights treaties. It remains a source of inspiration for all of us, whether in the struggle against injustice, in times of conflict, in societies suffering from repression and in our efforts for the universal enjoyment of human rights. There are 9 international human rights instruments. Each of these instruments has established a committee of experts to monitor the implementation of the provisions of the Treaty by its States parties. Some of these treaties are supplemented by optional protocols on specific concerns, while the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture constitutes a committee of experts. The implementation of international human rights standards is the responsibility of the nation-State; It is the primary responsibility of the State to make the human rights of its citizens a reality.